Flowers and Poems For Mossadegh
November 23, 1951 — The Associated Press

The Mossadegh Project | December 28, 2015      

Thousands Hail Mossadegh
As Hero As He Returns Home


AP (The Associated Press) TEHRAN, Iran, Nov. 23 (AP) — Premier Mohammed Mossadegh returned home today to a flowery and lyrical mass welcome after 47 days abroad in quest of money and in defense of his national oil policies. Throngs estimated to total 250,000 hailed him as a hero for resisting efforts in the United States to budge him from the decision to produce oil on an all-Iranian basis. Mossadegh was then rushed to the royal palace, where he conferred five and a half hours with Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi. With them was the shah’s pro-western minister of court, Hossein Ala.

The unprecedented length and circumstances of the meeting stirred speculation that the fate of Mossadegh’s regime may be in the balance over the financial situation. The long shutdown of the old royalty-producing Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. has nearly depleted Iran’s treasury. In Washington, after visits with President Truman [Harry S. Truman] and other U.S. officials, the frail old premier won a promise of serious consideration of his appeal for a big U.S. government loan. Otherwise, he got a relatively small credit of $8,750,000 from the International Monetary Fund. [extended on Nov. 14th]

Mossadegh stopped over in Egypt for a three-day visit on the way home and cemented a new era of friendly relationship with the homeland of Iran’s former queen, [Queen Fawzia Fuad (1921-2013)] a sister of Egypt’s King Farouk, now divorced from the young shah of Iran. The new bond between Iran and Egypt is based on the increasing common hatred of British influence and imperialism in the Moslem world.

Mossadegh stepped down from his Egyptian plane into an almost overwhelming demonstration. He nearly fainted at the ovation, as he often does in time of emotional stress. Tons of flowers were laid along his triumphal route from the airport into this capital of 1,000,000 and verses specially penned for Mossadegh’s return by Persian poets in traditional meter were blared out over modern loudspeakers. A chorus sang him the oil anthem, written in praise of his nationalization that has driven out the British and temporarily impoverished the Iranian treasury. Iran recently announced small-scale production had begun at the Abadan refinery.

“I am proud to see you today and return to my dear mother land after six weeks and I thank my countrymen who are here to welcome me,” Mossadegh told the airport crowd. Acting Premier Bagher Kazemi officially welcomed Mossadegh with the words: “You are the anti-imperialist hero.” The crowd whooped: “Long live Mossadegh.”

Alternate headlines:

Mossadegh Gets Lyric Welcome
Mossadegh Gets Ovation On Return
Mossadegh Versed, Feted By Iranians
Iranian Premier Welcomed Home
Mossadegh Back In Iran, Hailed as Returning Hero
Thousands Hail Mossadegh As Hero as He Returns Home

Iranian Premier Hailed On Return From U.S.
Mass Welcome Greets Mossadegh But Money Shortage May Threaten His Regime

Related links:

Mossadegh Cites Quest of Liberty — October 22, 1951 (AP)

Mossadegh the PoliticianThe Brooklyn Eagle, November 28, 1951

Demonstrators and Iran Cops Battle — January 22, 1962 (AP)

MOSSADEGH t-shirts — “If I sit silently, I have sinned”

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