Mossadegh fought both internal corruption and British colonialism, enacted social
reforms and nationalized the Iranian oil industry.
In 1953, he was overthrown by a British-American coup, arrested and tried as a traitor in military tribunal court. It was the CIA's first successful dismantling of a foreign government, and Iran has not known democracy since.
"There is no better way to govern Iran than democracy and social justice!" - Mohammad Mossadegh
A Tragic Continuum: 1953 Coup to Post-Election Violence
For over a century, the people of Iran have struggled to achieve freedom and self-determination. From the foreign transgressions of Russia, Britain and America, to the despotic rulers whom they supported, Iran has long been treated as a chess board of the great world powers.
In the dawn of the 20th century, Iran's Constitutional Revolution achieved a system of constitional monarchy akin to the European monarchies of England and Belgium. However, their gains were trampled by subsequent Qajar dynasty kings and the British supported Reza Shah, the founder of Pahlavi dynasty. After the abdication of Reza Shah in 1941 at the behest of Russia and Britain, and placement of his son, Mohammad Reza, to the throne, a degree of the constitutional rule was restored mainly with the efforts of many progressive political activists led by the nationalist Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh.
In 1951, Dr. Mossadegh was overwhelmingly elected by deputies of the Majles [Iranian parliament] as Prime Minister. To pursue the goals of independence, democracy and improving the lot of his people, Dr. Mossadegh nationalized the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (now BP - British Petroleum), thus putting an end to outright looting of the country's main natural resource by the British. This action led to a confrontation with the British colonial power and duplicitous American government. Together, they plotted to remove Mossadegh by any means possible-including cold blooded murder.
On August 19, 1953 a CIA plan, OPERATION AJAX, was put into operation, thus savagely eliminating Mossadegh's government, the most democratic and popular government in Iranian history. In the ensuing quarter century, under the tutelage of America, the country descended into the autocratic rule of the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. It took a bloody revolution by the Iranian people to get rid of the Shah, resulting in the tyrannical theocracy of Ayatollah Khomeini. The current tragic events in Iran are the continuation of this century old struggle for democracy and human rights.
What would today's Iran look like if America, Britain and Iranian traitors had not acted as they did in Iran in 1953? Most likely a democratic and prosperous Iran, secure and proud, and a partner for peace in the Middle East and the world.
"It's a sad story that really began in the 1950's..."
- President Bill Clinton
"Why did we, our government, help overthrow Mossadegh in 1953? It had to do with oil. So our foreign policy is designed to protect our oil interests."
- Congressman Ron Paul
"Lord knows what we'd do without Iranian oil."
- President Dwight D. Eisenhower
"In the middle of the Cold War, the United States played a role in the overthrow of a democratically elected Iranian government."
- President Barack Obama
"[T]hat was a disruption of what could have and should've been a natural development of democracy with Iran..."
- Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
"Iran had a democratic government which was overthrown because of oil."
- Congressman Dennis Kucinich
"Iran is a clear example of the West trumping basic democratic and human values to address its short-term political and economic goals."
- Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
"That's ancient history..."
- President Jimmy Carter
Persian Jewelry, Pendants and Earrings
LIFE Urges U.S. to Get Muslim World To "Stop Hating Us" (1952)
North Korea and Iran vs. USA: Cold War Origins of the Conflicts
Dr. Mossadegh's 1967 U.S. Obituary Lacks Truth, Class
Proof Transcends Trust: The Story of “Rumor of the Century”
H. Norman Schwarzkopf Denied Coup Role. CIA Contradicts Him
Poet Mehdi Akhavan Sales Pays Tribute to Mossadegh (VIDEO)
Barack Obama: 1953 Iran Coup "Seismic", Continues to Haunt Us
George McGovern Examines US Foreign Policy and Terrorism
British Meddling in Middle East Irks Truman, Acheson (12/1951)
Correcting Washington Post journalist Tara Bahrampour
August 16, 1953: CIA Compels Shah to Dismiss Mossadegh
Christopher de Bellaigue Talks Mossadegh, 1953 Coup in Iran
Mossadegh's National Press Club Speech, Through the Media Lens
Philadelphia 1951 — Mossadegh Evokes Liberty, Spirit of '76
Crazy anti-Mossadegh editorial: "Weakling 'Strong Man'" - 8/19/53
VIDEO: Obama and Shimon Peres' New Message to Iranians
Saying goodbye: the death of Dr. Mossadegh - March 5, 1967
From 1979: "Selective Outrage" Over Iran Hostage Ordeal
Christopher Hitchens: 1953 Coup in Iran was an "Atrocity"
Hillary Clinton Admits 1953 Iran Coup a Mistake, Hypocritical
1944: Mossadegh Slams Tudeh (Communist) Betrayers of Iran
What Motivated the 9/11 Attacks?
MUST READ! Indecent Proposals, 1951: Oil, Iran, and the Anglo-American Art of Non-Negotiation
Our Comments in National Portugese Magazine Re: BP Spill
Newt Gingrich on Iran: His False Predictions, Nazi Fantasies
Iran National Front Spokesman Asghar Parsa's Memoirs
Premier Mossadegh's Final Norouz - March 1953
MOSSADEGH IN EGYPT: A Hero's Welcome (Photos and Info)
Mohamed ElBaradei on Iran's Nuclear File, Trust Building
NY Times 4 Days Before Coup Calls Mossadegh a "Demagogue"
University Protests in Iran Continue (Student Day / 16 Azar)
"Blowback" in Philippines Massacre, Says CNN's Maria Ressa
US Institute of Peace Corrects "Iran Primer" Errors... Sort Of
US Funded "Iran Primer" Needs Editing - by Arash Norouzi
Obama Talks Nukes & Sanctions in BBC Persian Interview (9/24)
All the Sham's Men: the CIA's Communist Charade in Iran
Cuban Dictator Fidel Castro on Iran, Israel, Mossadegh...
VIDEO: 1984 BBC Program on Iran Oil "Crisis" in Abadan
Our Response to Maziar Bahari's Negligent "An Iranian Odyssey"
Tales of Dr. Mossadegh's Impeccable Character
The Dulles Brothers: Wreaking Havoc in Iran & Guatemala
Howard Zinn on American Empire & Iran [VIDEO]
Obama 'Strongly Condemns' Iran Ashura Day Violence
MOSSADEGH, Islam and Ayatollahs (MUST READ)
Russell Baker on Media Fakery, Mossadegh's Death
Fareed Zakaria on Iranian Nationalism, US Diplomacy
Mossadegh and Zia Saltaneh -Over 64 Years of Marriage
Esha Momeni Released From Iran After 10 Month Ordeal
MOSSADEGH - My Childhood Memory, by Dr. Norouzi
Ron Paul on Iran, U.S. Foreign Policy and "Blowback"
Charles Krauthammer's Political Distortions re: Iran [VIDEO]
Former Hostage Chuck Scott: US-Shah Alliance Blowback
Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh's Medical History Revealed
Flashback: Iran Air Flight 655 Shot Down by U.S. Navy
Jack Straw Praises Dr. Mossadegh, Criticizes Coup
Jello Biafra's Letter to Obama Cites 1953 Coup History
Joe Biden Speech Transcript: Meeting the Iranian Challenge
IRAN: The Nuclear Assumption [Arash Norouzi]
US and Shah Acted Illegally, Not Mossadegh
Allen Ginsberg: Iran Was OUR Hostage For 27 Years!
CIA Director Michael Hayden Evades Coup Query
GANDHI and MOSSADEGH- Masculinity At Its Finest?