State Department: Iran Documents
Diplomatic Files, Embassy Telegrams, U.S. Estimates

The Mossadegh Project     
[Updated June 3, 2022]                                       


U.S. State Department Documents on Iran, Mossadegh, 1953 Coup | 1951-1954

This archive collects declassified State Department documents on Iran, Premier Mossadegh, oil negotiations and the 1953 coup. The transcribed documents are supplemented with in-depth analysis, footnotes, annotations and other background information, with regular updates to follow.

CIA Documents on Iran, Mossadegh, 1953 Coup
National Security Council (NSC) documents on Iran
British Foreign Office documents on Iran




U.S. State Department Documents

1951

Ambassador Henry Grady Meets New Premier Mossadegh | May 2, 1951

Estimate of the Political Strength of the Mosadeq Government | May 4, 1951

Mossadegh’s Strength “Derives From the Spirit Of Nationalism” | May 6, 1951

Shah “Quite Unhappy” About Mossadegh Win, Oil Nationalization | May 7, 1951

Henry Grady on Mossadegh’s Cabinet, Oil Committee Prospects | May 7, 1951

Iranian Situation (Henry S. Villard to Paul Nitze) | May 24, 1951

Arrival in New York of Mohamad Hosein and Khosro Qashqai | June 25, 1951

Gerald F. P. Dooher on the Qashqai Brothers Visit | June 29, 1951

Max Thornburg Meets With Dean Acheson, William Rountree | July 5, 1951

Max Thornburg: Notes For Discussion With Dean Acheson | July 5, 1951

Amb. Henry Grady Reports on Mossadegh Meeting | July 29, 1951

Amb. Walter Gifford’s Telegram on Britain and Iran | July 29, 1951

Iranian Situation (Henry S. Villard to Paul Nitze) | September 26, 1951

Ernest Gross Advises British To Revise Approach on Iran | October 2, 1951

George McGhee’s First Meeting With Dr. Mossadegh | October 8, 1951

George McGhee’s Solo Meeting With Premier Mossadegh | October 9, 1951

U.S. Oil Kings Air Iran Concerns With State Dept. | October 10, 1951

Meeting With Dr. Mossadegh at New York Hospital | October 11, 1951

Truman, Acheson and Mossadegh Talk at Blair House | October 23, 1951

Mossadegh, George McGhee Talk Oil at the Shoreham Hotel | October 28, 1951

6 US, British Diplomats Compare Views on Iran | November 14, 1951


1952

Dean Acheson’s Telegram To French Embassy on Ghavam | April 1, 1952

Loy Henderson’s 2½ Hour Discussion With Dr. Mossadegh | July 28, 1952

William E. Warne: My Visit With Ayatollah Kashani | August 12, 1952

Sec. of State Dean Acheson’s Letter to Premier Mossadegh | October 5, 1952

The Communist Danger in Persia | October 8, 1952

Comments on the British Paper entitled “The Communist Danger in Persia” | October 8, 1952

Discussion of British Paper on “The Communist Danger in Persia” | Oct. 8, 1952

Proposal to Organize a Coup d’état in Iran | November 26, 1952

British Proposal to Organize a Coup d’état in Iran | December 8, 1952


1953

Communism In the Free World (Iran: pp. 235-258) | January 1953

Sec. of State Dulles Advises British on AIOC Legalities | January 26, 1953

Henderson and Mossadegh’s First Post-Inauguration Meeting | Jan. 28, 1953

The Iranian Petroleum Situation | February 19, 1953

Loy Henderson Panics Over the Shah’s Pending Departure | February 25, 1953

Loy Henderson Wants To “Take Some Action” For Shah | February 26, 1953

Loy Henderson Warns of Serious Consequences In Iran | February 27, 1953

John Foster Dulles: We Are Currently Assessing Crisis | February 27, 1953

Loy Henderson Accepts Risks of Interference Charge | February 28, 1953

Dulles Approves Of Henderson’s “Energetic Measures” | February 28, 1953

Measures which the United States Government Might Take in Support of a Successor Government to Mosadeq | March 1953

Loy Henderson on the Opposition’s Chances Against Mossadegh | May 8, 1953

William E. Warne’s Discussion With Ali Akbar Akhavi | May 20, 1953

Henderson: “No Hope” For Oil Settlement With Mossadegh | June 25, 1953

Prior to Coup, U.S. Seeks Understanding With British on Oil | June 25, 1953

Popularity and Prestige of Prime Minister Mohammed Mosadeq | July 1, 1953

Tudeh Newspaper “Shojat” Predicts Iran Coup Plot | August 16, 1953

After Failed Iran Coup, U.S. Mulls Wait & See Approach | August 16, 1953

Amb. Loy Henderson Scorns Iranian Conspiracy Theorists | August 21, 1953

Dulles to Henderson on Strategy For Marketing Iranian Oil | Sept. 23, 1953

U.S. Considers 2-Year World Bank Takeover of Iranian Oil | Sept. 29, 1953

Amb. Henderson and Hoover’s Dinner With Zahedi, Entezam | Oct. 29, 1953

Abdollah Entezam Outlines Iran’s Position on Oil | November 2, 1953

Winthrop W. Aldrich on Meeting With British Re: Iran Oil | November 5, 1953

State Dept. Legal Adviser Herman Phleger on Iran Oil Talks | Dec. 8, 1953


1954

Amb. Loy Henderson Ponders Interfering in Iran Elections | January 18, 1954

Livingston T. Merchant to Sec. Dulles on Iranian Oil, AIOC | February 16, 1954

John D. Jernegan Memo to Robert Murphy on Oil Consortium | May 15, 1954

Loy Henderson’s Telegram on Iran Oil Consortium Details | May 17, 1954

Status Report on Iran Oil Negotiations (Donald D. Kennedy) | June 16, 1954

Sec. Dulles’ Message to Pres. Eisenhower Re: Iran Oil Deal | August 3, 1954

Sec. Dulles and Anthony Eden’s Messages on Iran Oil Deal | August 5, 1954

British Aide-Mémoire on Oil Compensation Settlement | Aug. 5, 1954

Text of Joint British-Iranian Statement Re: Compensation | Aug. 5, 1954

Text of Joint British-Iranian Statement Re: Sterling Payments | Aug. 5, 1954

U.S. Says Oil Deal Is A “Significant Victory” For Iran | October 28, 1954

Shah of Iran “Greatly” Encouraged By U.S. Help | December 21, 1954


1955

Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations and Consular Rights Between the United States of America and Iran | August 15, 1955


1960’s

Agitational Activities of Anti-Shah Iranian Students in the United States | October 5, 1963

The Shah’s Meeting With Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. | July 27, 1966





Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS)

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952–1954, Iran, 1951–1954, Volume X (1989)

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954, Iran, 1951–1954, Second Edition (2018)




The Department of State Bulletin

Point Four Officials Die In Plane Crash Near Tehran | Jan. 7, 1952

American Policy in the Middle East During 1953 | Iran | Jan. 29, 1954

Statement by Amb. Loy Henderson on Iran Oil Deal | August 5, 1954

John Foster Dulles Heralds “A New Era For Iran” | August 5, 1954

Sec. Dulles to Premier Zahedi and Abdollah Entezam | August 5, 1954

Foreign Minister Abdollah Entezam’s Reply to Sec. Dulles | August 9, 1954

Joint Statement by Howard Page, Ali Amini on Iran Oil Deal | Aug. 16, 1954

Iranian Oil Agreement | October 28, 1954

FOA Announces Program of Aid to Iran | November 22, 1954

Arrangements for Participation in Iranian Oil Consortium | Dec. 7, 1954




1979 Iranian Revolution

Demonstration of Iranian Students in Manila | November 13, 1979

Demonstration of Iranian Students in Manila | November 14, 1979

Iranian Student Activities in Manila | November 20, 1979

Appeal To Student Groups: Hostages | November 20, 1979

Security During Iran Crisis | November 26, 1979








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Related links:

Iran Severs Diplomatic Relations With Britain (October 1952 Ultimatum)

Pres. Eisenhower and the Shah Trade Compliments After Iran Oil Deal | Aug. 5, 1954

Mossadegh Slept Here: A Fateful Convergence At Walter Reed Hospital



MOSSADEGH t-shirts — “If I sit silently, I have sinned”

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