March 24, 1953 — The San Bernardino County Sun
Iranian and Mexican oil nationalization were compared in this sober editorial by The San Bernardino County Sun, a Southern California newspaper.
Iran Still Sitting Tight
The government of Premier Mossadegh, in continuing to sit tight on Iranian oil, obviously remembers how Mexico won out in expropriating foreign oil holdings.
The Iranian finance minister [Mohammed Ali Varasteh] told the Anglo-American Oil Company that “the nationalization of industries is based on the right of the sovereignty of nations such as exercised by the Mexican government.”
It will be remembered that Mexico formally expropriated foreign oil holdings in March, 1938, after taking steps in that direction for more than 20 years. The oil workers union, supported by the government, had demanded an $11 million a year raise, pensions and participation in management. The companies were willing to go far toward meeting the pay and pension demands, but would not yield on management.
The United States in 1938 admitted the right of expropriation under the Mexican constitutional provisions of 1917. However, Secretary of State Hull [Cordell Hull (1871-1955)] insisted on “fair, assured and effective” compensation. Eleven of the 17 oil companies involved were American owned. The 11 companies put the fixed assets of their expropriated properties at more than $200 million, the Mexican government at $22 million.
In 1941, when the government at Washington was making special efforts for good relations with Latin America because of the war abroad, an arbitration agreement was reached. Under this, U.S. and Mexican experts settled in 1942 on $24 million as the value of the expropriated U.S. properties, to be paid by September, 1947, with interest at 3 per cent retroactive to 1938.
With the Mexican situation as a precedent, it is not likely that Iran will back off completely in its oil nationalization program.
Time Favors Mossadegh On Oil — The Herald Statesman, March 27, 1953
OIL: Negotiations in Iran — TIME magazine, September 22, 1952
Oil, Britain & the Ethics of Foreign Concessions — Buffalo Courier-Express, letters, Dec. 1953
MOSSADEGH t-shirts — “If I sit silently, I have sinned”